Dubrovnik is a city located at the end of the Isthmus of Dubrovnik and situated on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. This Croatian city covers an area of eight square miles and has a population of over forty-three thousand residents. It is the hub of Dubrovnkil-Neretva county, a prominent seaport and one of the most popular tourist destinations on the Adriatic. The city is also listed as a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Up until the fifteenth century, Latin was the official language of the city. Today, a variety of Croatian languages are spoken in Dubrovnik, as well as Italian. The transportation needs of the city are serviced by a modern bus system and an international airport, which is located in the city. Automobile traffic is facilitated by several major highway arteries, with the most prominent one being the A1. The A1 crosses over the Peljesac Bridge and connects the city with Zagreb and Ravca.
The educational needs of Dubrovnik are service by a variety of educational institutions. These institutions include the Institute of History of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Tourist College, Dubrovnik International University, the University of Zagreb, University of Dubrovnik, Nautical College and American College of Management and Technology. Notable past residents of Dubrovnik have included Franco Sacchetti, Dinko Zlataric, Goran Sukno, Miho Klaic, Pero Budmani, Marin Getaldic, Ivan Stojanovic, Tereza Kesovija, Branko Bauer, Ottavio Missoni, Antun Fabris, Bozo Vuletic, Federico Seismit Doda, Frano Supilo, Ivan Gundulic, Antun Vujic, Veselin Duho, Milovan Mirosevic, Sanja Jovanovic, Blagoje Bersa, Mavro Vetranovic, Eduard Miloslavic and Antun Pasko Kazali.
According to local legend Dubrovnik, originally known as Ragusa, was established in the seventh century on an island called Laus. But, recent archeaological digs are beginning to unearth evidence that contradicts this theory. According to the new evidence, major construction on the city was done in ancient times, most likely a thousand years prior. Archeaologist believe that the city was founded by Greek sailors. This theory has gained popularity over the last few years for a variety of reasons. The main reason is the the city is located between the Greek settlements of Korcula and Budva. Greek ships at the time could only travel about fifty nautical miles a day, requiring a place for the ships to set anchor. Dubrovnik is approximately this distance between the two Greek settlements, and with its abundant source of fresh water and sandy shores, it would have been the perfect place to dock. Regardless of which theory is advocated, one thing is for sure. Later history of the city is well documented. When the Ostrogothic Kingdom fell, Dubrovnik came under the rule of the Byzantines. After the end of the Crusades, the city became a sovereignty of Venice. Later in the fourteenth century, it became a part of the Hungarian Kingdom. During the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries, the city would become an independent state. In the nineteenth century, it fell under the rule of the Austrian Kingdom, a status it would keep until 1918 when the Austrian-Hungary Kingdom collapsed. It was then handed over to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (known at the time as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes). During the 1990s, Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence and the name of the Socialist Republic of Croatia was changed to the Republic of Croatia.
Today, Dubrovnik has many historical attractions and cultural events that appeal to tourist from all over the world. Every year the city holds the annual Dubrovnik Summer Festival. This festival runs an entire month and features games, plays and concerts. Another special event in the city is the Feast Day of Sveti Vlaho, otherwise known as St. Blaise, and is held on the third day of February. The city also contains many beautiful beaches which include Copacabana Beach and Banje Beach. Located on Banje Beach is one of the city’s most prominent hotels, the Eastwest Beach Club hotel.
A prominent attraction in Dubrovnik is the Franciscan Monastery. This monastery is encircled by the medieval walls of Old Dubrovnik and was erected in the fourteenth century. Inside the monastery is a pharmacy, which has been in operation since 1317. There is also a library which contains over thirty thousand books, fifteen hundred handwritten documents and twenty-two incunabula. Also located on the site is a museum which contains old pharmacy relics, instruments, church relics and valuable crucifix’s. Another prominent attraction in the city is the Cathedral Treasury. This Baroque cathedral is built on the ruins of two previous cathedrals, a seventh century Byzantine cathedral and a Romanesque cathedral. The current cathedral was designed by Italian architect Buffalini and was finished in the early eighteenth century. Inside its treasure is a vast treasure trove of riches which include paintings, gold relics, religious objects, icons and other valuable pieces of art.
Another popular attraction in the city of Dubrovnik is Lokrum Island. This island is just a short ride by boar from the city and contains many points of interest to catch the traveler’s eye. The first written account of the island dates back to the eleventh century, when a Benedictine abbey and monastery was erected here. Today, the island contains a botanical garden, a restaurant and a nudist beach. The botanical garden was established in 1959 and contains a selection of imported and native tropical plants and flora from every place in the world from North America to Australia. Visitors can also bear witness to the flocks of peacocks which inhabit the garden and the island.
Other popular attractions in the city include Ancient Dubrovnik City Walls, Old Town, Lopud Island, War Photo Limited, Mljet Island, European Route E65, Placa Thoroughfare, Palagruza Island, Rector’s Palace, Lovrijenac, Kolocep Island, Dubrovnik Aquarium and Maritime Museum, Fort Bokar, Brsalje Street, Sponza Palace, Dominican Monastery, Pedestrian Bridge, Revelin Fortress, Church of Saint Blaise, Molunat Village, St. John’s Fortress, Minceta Fortress, Onophrian Fountain, Korcula Island, Elafiti Islands, Stikovica Beach, Grgic Winery, Rixos Spa and Troubadour Jazz Cafe.